Programs that conduct research which focuses on farm crops and animals, and develops ways of improving their quantity and quality. Scientists working in this area look for ways to improve crop yield with less labour, control pests and weeds more safely and effectively and conserve soil and water. They may also study methods of converting raw agricultural commodities into attractive and healthy food products for consumers.
Programs that conduct research which focuses on the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms and their relationship to their natural environment.
Research that integrates information, concepts, methodology, data, tools, training, perspectives and/or theories from two or more academic disciplines or bodies of specialized knowledge, so as to advance knowledge or to solve problems whose solutions are beyond the scope of a single discipline or research field. Interdisciplinary research is not just the combination of two disciplines but can be an integration and synthesis of ideas and methods to create a new field.
Programs that conduct research which focuses on social systems, social institutions and social behaviour. Social sciences research involves the study of all aspects of society, from past events and achievements to human behaviour and relationships among groups; and often results in solutions to social, business, personal, governmental and environmental problems.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.