[ Browse by Service Category : Income Support and Employment : Sub-Topics of Employment (394) ]

Comprehensive Job Assistance Centres

One-stop centres that provide an array of employment and training services in a convenient, easily accessible location. Services may include job counselling, testing and assessment; resume preparation assistance, interview training and other prejob guidance services; job matching and referral; employment insurance and job registration; labour market and career information; information on financial aid for education and training; and referral for job training, transportation, child care, personal and financial counselling, health care and other human services resources in the community.

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Employment Documentation/Verification

Programs that issue or assist people to obtain documentation which officially affirms that they are eligible for paid employment and may be hired into an available position or may work under specified circumstances.

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Employment Preparation

Programs that provide assistance for people who need information, guidance and/or training in specific job-related skills to make appropriate occupational choices and secure and retain positions that effectively utilize their abilities.

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Job Development

Programs that seek out and create employment opportunities in various fields for people who need work. Activities may include collecting and distributing information about job opportunities and/or prospective changes in the demand for specific occupations, encouraging potential employers to create jobs, informing employers of available personnel and other comprehensive or targeted efforts to generate new job prospects.

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Job Finding Assistance

Programs that help people identify and secure paid employment opportunities that match their aptitude, qualifications, experience and interests.

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Job Situations

Programs that provide gainful employment opportunities for people who are homebound, unskilled, or unavailable for full-time, permanent work; who have disabilities; or who otherwise require special employment conditions. Included are programs that assist people to obtain employment that meets their special needs as well as those that provide the employment opportunities directly.

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Skills Exchanges/Cooperatives

Programs that maintain lists of community residents who have specific abilities or talents such as cooking, gardening, sewing or home repair and who are willing to provide targeted services in exchange for services offered by other residents. No payment by either person is usually involved.

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Training and Employment Programs

Programs that provide job development, job training, job search, job placement, specialized job situations and other supportive services for individuals and groups who are having difficulty finding paid employment. These programs especially target people who have minimal job skills, veterans, older workers, youth, ex-offenders, public assistance recipients, refugees/immigrants, members of minority groups and others who are vocationally disadvantaged. Included are government-subsidized programs and those offered through the private sector.

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Vocational Rehabilitation

Programs that enable individuals with disabilities, people who abuse drugs or alcohol, or people who have emotional problems to obtain the training and employment experiences they need to achieve economic self-sufficiency. Services may include vocational evaluation, work adjustment, work experience, training in marketable skills and placement in competitive employment or a sheltered work environment.

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Workplace Evaluation/Modification

Programs that provide support for adjusting, adapting or redesigning tools, equipment or structural elements of working environments in order to make them accessible to people who have disabilities.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


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