A division of the Provincial/Territorial Court that covers a range of non-criminal issues involving civil issues and litigation. Many matters may be handled by a body known as the Small Claims Court, which has jurisdiction in civil matters involving a maximum dollar amount which varies from province to province (territory to territory) but is usually in the $5,000 - $12,000 range. The claim must be for debt, damages, recovery of personal property or specific performance relative to or regarding cancellation of a contract. Small Claims Court strives for a more informal procedural system where individuals often represent themselves.
A division of the Provincial/Territorial Court that has jurisdiction in all but the most serious criminal offences. There are two categories of criminal offences: summary conviction offences which have a maximum penalty that is normally a $2,000 fine, six months in prison or both; and more serious indictable offences involving more severe penalties. Cases involving summary conviction offences are generally heard in a provincial/territorial court as are preliminary hearings for indictable offences which determine whether there is enough evidence to proceed to a full trial. In most cases, persons accused of an indictable offence may choose to be tried by a provincial/territorial court judge, by a superior court judge, or by a judge of a superior court with a jury.
A division of the Provincial/Territorial Court available in some provinces and territories that focuses on hearing matters relating to family disputes including domestic violence (where there is no separate domestic violence division of the court), spousal and child support/maintenance, division of family property, paternity, custody of and access to children and child welfare.
A division of the Provincial Court, operating in some jurisdictions under a variety of titles, that provides special considerations for indigenous defendants with evidence procedures and sentencing alternatives in keeping with Aboriginal concepts of justice. Examples of such courts are the Spirit of the People/Gladue Court in Toronto, the Saskatchewan Cree Court and the Tsuu T'ina Nation Peacemaking Court in Alberta.
A division of the Provincial/Territorial Court available in some provinces and territories that focuses on matters relating to violations of the Highway Traffic Act, statutes governing the weight of vehicles and loads, moving violations and bylaws of urban and rural municipalities. It does not deal with parking tickets. In some provinces/territories, traffic matters are handled by the Criminal Division of the Provincial/Territorial Court.
A division of the Provincial/Territorial Court available in some provinces and territories that focuses on criminal matters involving young offenders as defined by the Youth Criminal Justice Act.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.