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[ Browse by Service Category : Topics Related to Lung Disease (4) ]

Asthma

A disorder of the bronchial system that is characterized by laboured breathing accompanied by wheezing that is caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane. Recurrence and severity of attacks is influenced by secondary factors, mental or physical fatigue, exposure to fumes, endocrine changes at various periods in life and emotional situations.

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Lung Cancer

A condition in which there is a malignancy in the trachea, air sacs or other lung tubes which may appear as an ulcer in the windpipe, as a nodule or small flattened lump, or on the surface blocking air tubes. It may also invade the surface of tubes extending to lymphatics into blood vessels.

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A group of diseases that includes asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and bronchiectasis which involve obstruction of an individual's airflow. The conditions may be chronic and irreversible or reversible but recurrent.

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Cystic Fibrosis

An inherited disease that affects the pancreas, respiratory system and sweat glands, which usually begins in infancy and is characterized by chronic respiratory infection, pancreatic insufficiency and heat intolerance. Prognosis is poor as there is no cure, but antibiotics have prolonged the life of many patients.

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Respiratory Distress Syndrome

A severe impairment of the function of respiration in the premature newborn.

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SARS

An infection that is characterized by a fever of at least 38 degrees Celsius followed by respiratory symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. Other symptoms may include muscle aches, headaches and a sore throat. In some cases, the respiratory symptoms become severe enough that patients require oxygen support and mechanical ventilation. The disease is spread by close personal contact with an infected individual.

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Tuberculosis

An infectious disease that is caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterized by inflammatory infiltrations, formation of lesions, necrosis, abscesses, formation of scar tissue and calcification. The disease most commonly affects the respiratory system but may also involve the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, bones, joints, nervous system, lymph nodes and skin.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


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