Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to reduce the risk of injury while engaging in a particular sport or other recreational activity. Topics may include using required safety gear and equipment associated with the sport, ensuring that equipment and playing surfaces are in good condition, warming up and stretching before and during physical exercise, stopping when injured rather than playing through the pain, learning the safe way to practice particular plays (e.g., sliding in baseball), understanding the special vulnerabilities of younger players, ensuring the availability of first aid, and emphasizing the fun associated with the sport rather than the importance of winning.
Programs that conduct physical examinations of individuals to assess their strength, flexibility, endurance, muscle tone, reflexes, cardiovascular health and their general ability to carry out daily tasks with vigour and alertness, without undue fatigue, and with ample energy to enjoy leisure time pursuits and meet unforeseen emergencies. The assessment provides an overall profile of the individual's fitness and may include specific recommendations regarding areas for improvement and activities for remediation.
Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide for the comprehensive medical management including preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have diseases or conditions that affect the joints, muscles, bones, tendons and other supporting structures such as ligaments and cartilage. Rheumatologists diagnose and treat arthritis, various types of back pain, muscle strains, common athletic injuries and rare diseases of the tissues and arteries in many body systems often referred to as collagen disease.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.