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First Nations Status Registration

Programs that provide access to the official documentation which contains the names of individuals who belong to one of the recognized groups of First Nations peoples. Also included are programs that help First Nations individuals obtain and complete the "Application for Registration of an Adult under the Indian Act" that is required to confirm aboriginal status. Registration is generally through Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC), although depending on the settlement situation, it might be obtained through formal Band membership. A Status Card can be obtained without being a registered Band member. Note that although the rights of Métis peoples are recognized under the Constitution Act of 1982, the Government of Canada neither maintains nor prepares lists of Métis individuals or claimants. Métis individuals need to contact their local or provincial/territorial Métis organization to confirm their status. The rights and benefits of Status for First Nations, Inuit and Métis individuals are dependent on differing provincial/territorial social legislation and any distinct Treaty/Settlement situation.

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Indigenous Courts

A division of the Provincial Court, operating in some jurisdictions under a variety of titles, that provides special considerations for indigenous defendants with evidence procedures and sentencing alternatives in keeping with Aboriginal concepts of justice. Examples of such courts are the Spirit of the People/Gladue Court in Toronto, the Saskatchewan Cree Court and the Tsuu T'ina Nation Peacemaking Court in Alberta.

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Indigenous Law

Programs that provide assistance for people who have legal issues that relate to federal and provincial legislation that outlines the statutory obligations of government for indigenous peoples including First Nations, Inuit and Métis people of Canada. Specific issues may include treaty rights including land and property compensation claims; claims to renewable and non-renewable natural resources; hunting, fishing and trapping rights; self-government; the fiduciary relationship between governments and indigenous peoples; government relations; economic development; taxation; and a variety of public policy issues such as education and health.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.

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